Optimal running nutrition is essential for runners to perform at their best. Runners need energy to keep fit and meet the demands that running puts on our bodies.
Carbohydrates provide this energy as our bodies' main fuel source. It is stored in the body as glycogen. Glycogen reserves become depleted during a run if the runner is not consuming a diet high in carbohydrates, especially on runs that last for more than an hour.
Nutrition for runners should include complex carbohydrates, such as whole grains, fruits, vegetables and pasta. Refer to this food chart for an indication of the carbohydrate content in most common foods. Some popular carb choices for running nutrition are: pasta, rice, sweet potatoes, quinoa, oatmeal, and whole grain breads.
Runners can easily become dehydrated as so much fluid is lost through sweating. When dehydrated, muscles will become sore and you will feel tired. It will become difficult to run and cramping often occurs as well.
Drink lots of fluids to prevent dehydration. Hydrating fluids include all decaffeinated and non-alcoholic drinks. On the day before a long run, you will need to drink more than the recommended 8 cups a day. Drink about 1 cup every hour throughout the day and drink water regularly during a long run.
Tired of drinking water? Certain fruits and vegetables can also be great for hydration. Try watermelon, papaya, grapefruit, grapes, celery or cucumber to re-hydrate after your next run.
If you will be running for more than an hour, drink coconut water for hydration or sports drinks during your run to keep your energy levels high. If you prefer more natural ways to fuel your run, learn how to use healthy and natural race fuel.
Protein is important for good running nutrition. Runners need protein to slow digestion, build strength, and repair muscle tissue after exercising.
Including protein in every meal will help provide the required nutrition for runners. Some good sources of protein are: red meat, fish, poultry, milk, cheese and eggs.
Some sources of protein for vegetarians are: beans, chickpeas (hummus), lentils, soy or tofu, almonds, cashew nuts, pistacchio nuts, yogurt, avocados, broccoli, spinach, asparagus, wild rice and quinoa.
As unpleasant as it sounds, we all need fat in our diet and runners are no different. It slows digestion and it provides needed energy and fat-soluble vitamins.Healthy sources of fat include: avocados, olives, olive oil, walnut oil, fatty fish, nuts and seeds.
However, we can avoid having too much fat in our diet by choosing leaner meat, chicken and fish and by choosing low-fat dairy products more often. Keeping well-hydrated will also aid in helping your body burn unwanted fat.
Are you running to lose weight? Is the weight not coming off or not coming off as quickly as you hoped? Find out why it may not be as easy as you thought.
Runners tend to eat the same foods before, after and during a run as part of their running nutrition ritual.
There is a reason for this. They have tested the food or snack and it works for them!
Some of the most popular foods among runners that form part of their running nutrition ritual are:
Want more food ideas to keep you properly fueled? Check out this fabulous recipe book from Runner's World specifically for runners!
Or this one specifically for vegetarian runners!
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Coconut Water for hydration & recovery
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